Every Bicycle Categories and What They Mean Actually!
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There are a variety of bicycles, and different people require different cycling needs. Some people prefer to race, have fun while others like to control speed on their bikes. Therefore, you need to figure out how to categorize the type of bicycle you prefer.
They can be categorized by function, gearing, number of riders, by sport, style, frame design, rider position, means of propulsion, number of wheels, and the type of steering depending on the kind of bicycle.
Let’s find out how these bicycle categorize is and what they mean.
By function, gearing, frame design, and wheels.
1. Road bicycles
These are the most efficient bicycles designed to be cycled on smooth pavements at speed. Compared to other bicycles, road bikes have narrow tires which use high pressure and are stable to decrease wheeling resistance.
They are usually light in weight thus making them suitable for racing than other bikes. Their handlebars are bent to allow the cyclist position be leaned forward and downward thus reducing air resistance. They use derailleur gear which has a variable ratio transmission.
However, these bicycles cannot be used to carry heavy luggage due to their lightweight design.
2. Touring bicycles
Bicycles modified for touring and long distances. They are long lasting and very comfortable, capable of carrying heavy luggage. They have durable frames which are flexibly designed to provide a comfortable, stable ride. Their wheels are slightly larger in diameter thus adding them strength enabling them to be used for both off-road and on-road.
The frames of touring bicycles have dropped handlebars similar to the road bicycles but differ from it by having a longer wheelbase and stable steering with numerous racks attachments for luggage.
3. Mountain bicycles
These are bicycles designed for off-road cycling. They have upright or flat handlebars and very low gear for pedaling steep slopes. Their frames are long lasting and durable and have vast-capacity treaded tires that enhance their durability and performance on rough terrains. Mountain bicycles are usually ridden on trails because their tires have large knobs, wheels are more durable, and have powerful brakes and lower gear ratios.
By sport, rider position means of propulsion and type of steering
1. Cruiser bicycles
Bicycles designed for casual riding, are very comfortable, have an upright riding position and variety of comfortable seats. These bicycles are mostly used for short-distance rides and running errands. They have large blimp tires and upright handlebars, simple to use, maintain and ride and uses less human power to maneuver.
2. BMX bicycles
Bicycles popularly used by kids due to their small size. However, some adults use them for various riding tricks and stunts. These bicycles have smaller frames, wheelbase, and a more extended rider sitting position.
3. Recumbent bicycles
These types of bikes have a long low design with a full-size seat. They are either designed two-wheeled or three-wheeler. They have a comfortable sitting position for the rider and pure propulsion. However, they are challenging to cycle up hills thus making it a challenge for the cyclist to carry them around.
4. Triathlon and Time-trial bicycles
These are bicycles designed to ride on good quality roads at speed. Mainly used for sports competitions among friends or small groups. They are aerodynamics which makes them the fastest bikes ever. The geometry of the bicycle frame is designed to suit triathlon or time trial racing.
5. Hybrid Bicycles
They have padded seats and upright handlebars that’s provides the rider with a very comfortable sitting position. Hybrid bikes are the best ridden for casual cycling around the neighborhood, short distances and running errands around the town.
These bikes are ideal for both paved and unpaved roads. Their tires are medium in width thus providing a smooth ride and have a very upright position meant for comfort.
5. Dual sport bicycles
Bicycles designed for smooth cycling, adventure and are capable of riding through roads that turn rough. They have a flat handlebar, smaller seat, more propelled and have more aggressive style in the riding position.
Bicycles are divided into different categories according to the purpose the rider intends to do with them. Some are categorized according to their function, frame design, steering type, mode of propulsion among other features.
However, some bicycles can perform both functions like the hybrid type of bike can perform tasks of a mountain and road bicycle.